There are numerous dental issues and abnormalities which can significantly and adversely affect the look your smile as well as cause discomfort, pain and problems with eating, breathing and speaking. Various orthodontic solutions exist, such as braces, retainers and aligners, which can effectively correct obstructive and unsightly dental abnormalities. The use of braces and similar techniques can restore proper function, relieve pain and discomfort, improve oral health, and provide you with a beaming and beautiful smile.
Crowded Teeth – The overcrowding of teeth normally begins in children and, if not corrected early, can produce an unsightly smile. Crowed teeth also present a hurdle to proper oral cleaning, resulting in a buildup of tartar and plaque that promotes tooth decay and causes the recession of gums. This can lead to tooth loss, toothache and pain in the jaw.
Spaced or Gapped Teeth – When one or more abnormal spaces occur between teeth, it is called diastema. This most often occurs as a large gap between the two front upper teeth, but spaces can occur between other teeth as well. Diastema usually occurs due to teeth being too small to fill the available jaw bone space.
Crooked Teeth – The development of crooked teeth is a common problem easily fixed by braces. Teeth that fail to grow in straight can cause premature enamel wear, produce discomfort and pain, lead to periodontal disease and negatively affect the look of your smile.
Underbite – An underbite is when the front lower teeth overextend past the front upper teeth. This occurs due to the overgrowth of the lower jaw, an undergrowth of the upper jaw, or a combination of the two abnormalities. Underbites can present an unattractive smile, cause premature wear on teeth, present chewing and biting problems and create jaw discomfort or pain.
Overbite – An overbite is when the front upper teeth overextend past the front lower teeth. If left untreated, overbites can affect the smile, cause premature wear on the lower teeth, create gum tissue problems, hinder the proper function of the front teeth and produce discomfort or pain in the jaw.
Crossbite – This orthodontic abnormaility occurs when the alignment of the upper and lower teeth cross from side to side. Crossbites can cause long term damage such as gum disease, improper development of the jaw, premature tooth wear, bone loss, chewing issues and an unattractive smile.
Openbite – When teeth are uneven, causing open spaces between the upper and lower sets, it’s known as an openbite. This abnormality usually occurs from natural causes such as uneven growth of the jaw, but can also be a result of sucking fingers or thumbs or constantly pushing the teeth with the tongue. Diagnosing this problem when young is vital to proper correction procedures such as breaking bad habits or properly aligning the jaw.
Jaw Disorders – Problems with the jaw can occur through dislocations, fractures, reduced blood supply (osteonecrosis), or cancer. Certain dental issues can cause temporomandibular joint (TMJ) dysfunctions. The TMJ is the joint that connect the jaw to the skull and problems can cause pain in the jaw, face, or neck, muscles to stiffen, limit jaw movement, misalignment of teeth and a painful popping or clicking. Depending on the cause, TMJ can be treated by applying braces.
Whether braces are the right option for your particular dental issue is determined by the underlying cause of the problem. Your orthodontist will provide you with a proper examination and discuss the best options for correcting the issue.